There are million of users connected to the Internet, and this figure grows daily. You, my students, have just added yourselves to this number. Together, I hope to explore the Internet and add to our knowledge of languages and cultures.
Another good question. The technical definition of the World Wide Web is: "a wide-area hypermedia information retrieval initiative aiming to give universal access to a large universe of documents" (Hughes, 1993). "Huh? Randall, give us the simple definition please!"
Okay. The Internet is the network of computers; the Web is collection of all the resources and information (text, audio, video, graphics, etc.) out there on this network of computers that are linked to documents like this page. The Web is like the car that will take you to the library (the Internet) to see the information. Telleen (1998) said that "the 'Internet' focuses on physical and technical networks, while the Web focuses on the set of content accessible on that physical and technical infrastructure." Just remember:
This definition is a very basic one, and sometimes these words are used interchangeably. In fact, the distinction between the two is narrowing as the Web includes more Internet tools like e-mail. I hope you understand the general idea!
A long story, but for the purposes of our class, I'd like you to remember a couple of things:
Back in the late 1960s, the U.S. Department of Defense (in an agency called the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA) came up with the idea of creating of a network of computers as a means of communication in case of some national emergency such as a nuclear war. Thus, if one of these centers was destroyed, the others would still function. This first computer network was called DARPANET, but later was changed to just ARPANET.
This idea was a real success, and researchers and educators saw the possibilities of using such networks in their own fields, and created NSFNET (the National Science Foundation NETwork) in the mid-1980s, which linked five supercomputer centers. Today, the ever-growing network of computers around the world is now called the Internet.
You need basically three things:
The Internet is made up of several parts:
Now, the Web relies on HTML (HyperText Markup Language) to move from place to place on the Web. It is the coding language that is used to create web pages. When you press on a hyperlink (or just link) created with HTML, you'll move from page to page or site to site as if they were all on your computer's hard drive, but they are actually coming all around the globe. It's that simple. Now, links can be created using text, graphics, and buttons, and you can tell if it is a link if: (a) the cursor turns to a hand when you pass it over a word or graphic, and (b) the word is underlined or there is a blue border around the graphic. Links are often colored blue, but can be any color.
Look at the words and graphics below and identify which ones are links by passing the cursor over the item and then pressing the mouse button.
There are several parts of a web page address or URL (Uniform Resources Locator). The address to this page is:
Let's study this part by part:
1. The http stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol, and this is the method the Internet uses to move information on the Web from place to place.
5. The /courses/ is the path or directory location for files in a domain.